Welcome to Afghanistan


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  AFGHANISTAN - Islamic State of Afghanistan                                                                                                                                             Home

Capital: Kabul
Large Cities: Kandahar, Heart, Mazare-sharif
Languages: Pakhto(pushtu), Dari, Persian
Religion: Islam
Currency: Afghani



Location: Afghanistan is a land-locked republic in Central Asia known originally as Ariana or Bactria, then as Khorasan (the land of the rising sun). Monarchy was overthrown in 1973, and a marxist 'people's republic' was created by Noor Taraki's coup of 1978.In 1986 Lt.Gen.Najibullah became President. Soviet troops, which had occupied the country in 1979, faced resistance from Afghan tribesmen 'Mujahideen' (holy worriors). Soviet troops were withdrawn in 1989. In Feb. a military council headed by Najibullah was announced. Afghan rebels elected Sigbhatullah Mojaddidi as President of an interim government in exile. He handed over power to a Mujahideen leadership council.

History: The Mujahideen factions that captured Kabul in Apr.'92 began internecine fighting. Half the population of Kabul fled the city. In January 1994 President Burhanuddin Rabbani and PM Gulbuddin Hekmatyar parted ways. A few months later a newly formed Islamic movement 'Taliban'(i.e. 'students of religion') emerged as a new force. In 1995, they were in control of around a third of the country. In June 1996, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar again joined Rabbani and was sworn in PM but Rabbani was overthrown in Sept.by Taliban which imposed harsh Islamic laws and executed former President Najibullah. A Taliban offensive on 27 December,1996 gave Taliban control of 90% of the country. In November Taliban was overthrown by the Northen Alliance with US support. On April 18,2002, former king of Afghanistan , Mohammed Zahir Shah, returned to Kabul after 29 years in exile in Italy. In June, Hamid Karzai, leader of the interim administration, was elected in a landslide vote to be the next President. NATO took command of the 5000-strong international peacekeeping force in Kabul in August.

Economy: Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. The principal crop is wheat. Animal husbandry is important for meat, milk and wool. Chief mineral resource: natural gas. The industrial activity is the manufacture of the woolen and cotton textiles; traditional handicrafts and woven carpets are important exports. Afghanistan produces 3400 tonne of opium worth ($1.2b.) a year.



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Useful Links with tourism flavour


* TravelGIS.com for Afghanistan - A travel guide for the country.

* Survival Guide to Kabul - Virtual presentation of the book Kabul: The Bradt Mini Guide, by Dominic Medley and Jude Barrand. Provides detailed information on sights and security, restaurants, hotels and guesthouses. Includes photos, readers' comments and press coverage.

* Kabul Caravan - A travel guide to the country, offering general travel information, contact addresses for Visas and a detailed guide to major cities and sights. Includes information on the present political situation and safety problems. With a book list and a commented list of links for related resources.

* World66.com: Afghanistan - Short country profile, information on travel, sights and accommodation.

* Survival Guide to Kabul - Excellent online version of Bradt's Kabul guide, with bulletin board.

* Ariana Afghan Airlines - Website of Afghanistan's national airline.

* KamAir - Website of Afghanistan's only private airline.

* An Historical Guide to Afghanistan - Online version of the seminal 1970s guidebook.

* Hinterland Travel - UK travel company operating overland tours in Afghanistan.

* Global Exchange - US-based company running 'study tours' visiting NGOs and community groups.

* Travel Afghanistan - Run by travel writer Matthew Leeming, mainly operating tours in the North.

* Park Tourism - Good Afghan-run tour operator based in Kabul.

* Afghan Logistics - Reliable vehicle hire firm based in Kabul.

* UK Foreign Office - Travel advice for British nationals.

* US State Dept - Travel advice for US nationals.

* Australian DFAT - Travel advice for Australian nationals.



Reference Links

* Afgha - Useful Afghan portal, including news and profiles of Afghanistan's major players

* Afghan Government - Entry point for the government in Kabul, with many useful links

* Afghan Web - General countrywide introduction, including news, history and culture.

* Afghan Yellow Pages - Afghan version of the worldwide phone book

* Afghan Scene Magazine - Not strictly a portal, but Afghanistan's only English-language magazine

    

Suggest the websites related to the Tourism In Afghanistan to list in our directory. Only the tourism flavoured websites will be accepted.
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