Location: Cuba, the largest island in the Greater Antilles group is known as the Pearl of the Caribbean Sea. It is formed by two main islands - the Island of Cuba and the Isle of Youth - and more than 4000 keys and small isles. Its neighbours are USA, Mexico, Jamaica and Haiti.
History: Columbus discovered Cuba in 1492 and Spain ruled it for four centuries. In 1898 Cuba became an independent republic.
In 1959 Dr. Fidel Castro overthrew General Batista, the dictatorial president and took over power. Émigrés madean unsuccessful invasion at the Bay of Pigs in April 1961. In 1962, USA learned that USSR had brought nuclear missiles to Cuba. After a warning from President J.F. Kennedy, the missiles were removed. A communist constitution came into force in 1976, and direct parliamentary elections were permitted in 1992. In January 1998, Fidel Castro was re-elected president.
Agriculture & Minerals: Cuba is the largest producer of sugar in the world. Tobacco is the second largest crop. Cattle, poultry and fishing have become important in recent years. Cuba is rich in nickel deposits. Copper, chromite and manganese are also found.
Industry: Cement, sugar, food-processing, textiles, tobacco. Sugar, nickel and fishing are the top three export industries.
Mission in India:
Embassy of the Republic of Cuba
E-1/9, Vasant Vihar
New Delhi - 110 057, India
Tel: +91 - 11 - 26145459, 26143849, 26142515
Fax: +91 - 11 - 26143806
Indian Mission in Cuba:
Embassy of India
Calle 21, No.202, Esquina K
Vedado, La Havana, Cuba
Tel: 00 - 53 - 7 - 333777, 333169, 551700
Fax: 00 - 53 - 7 - 333287