Gift of the Nile: Egypt, traditionally known as the Gift of the Nile River, occupies northeast Africa.
History: Egypt has one of the oldest civilizations in the world, its recorded history going back to more than 5000 B.C. In 1922 Egypt became an independent monarchy and in 1953 a republic. Egypt merged with Syria in 1958 to form United Arab Republic; Syria broke away from the union in 1961..
The Suez Canal: The Suez Canal (173 km. long, connecting the Mediterranean with the Red Sea) was opened for navigation in 1869; nationalized in 1956, closed in 1967, reopened in 1975. The Aswan High Dam (1971) provides irrigation for more than a million acres of land.
Food & Crops: The main agricultural area is Lower Egypt, which covers the delta of the Nile. Crops are cotton, onions, wheat, maize, millet, rice, sugarcane and fruits of various kinds.
Industry: Textiles, chemicals, petrochemicals, food processing. Cement. Exports are cotton, rice, mineral products, textiles, refrigerators, tyres, cement and electrical instruments.
The Pyramids: The ever-standing monuments of its own, Egypt is well known for its Great Pyramids. One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the pyramids are the most focusing, visited by people at all times, tourist hunt and historical monuments.
The Great Pyramid, Giza: Three of the pyramids are the greatest and world famous manifestations in Egypt. Among them, the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the giant one and is 4,500 years old. Great Pyramid is the only one of the famous Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that still stands on earth and in the history. Upto 19th century, the Great Pyramid was the tallest building in the world.
Actually, the pyramids are tombs built with pyramid shape (cubic cone pointed to the top with number of cells inside) which are used to bury the famous kings (pharaohs) with all their properties. People believed that those who buried in the pyramids were directly go to the heaven with all of their properties. The building-technique of these pyramids are even a matter of confuse for today's civil-experts.
Pyramid of Egypt is the only man-made structure in the world that stands over 4500 years surpassing the natural collapses, climate and by anything else even today.
The population boom is causing concern. Islamic militancy is a new threat in Egypt.
Mission in India:
Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt,
1/50-M, Niti Marg, Chanakyapuri,
New Delhi - 110 021, India
Tel: +91 - 11 - 26114096/ 97
Fax: +91 - 11 - 26885355.
Indian Mission in Egypt:
Embassy of India,
5 Aziz Abaza Street, Zamalek,
P.O.Box No.7l8, Cairo 11511, Egypt.
Tel: 00 - 20 - 2 - 27360052, 7356053
Fax: 00 - 20 - 2 - 7364038.