Location: World's largest island, Greenland lies between the North Atlantic and the Polar Sea. Over 80% of the area is ice-capped.
History: A Danish possession since 1380, Greenland became an integral part of the Danish Kingdom in 1953. In 1979 home rule was won by Greenland. With this, Greenlandic place names came into official use. Greenland is now Kalaallit Nunaat. The capital is Nuuk (old one Gothab). Full internal self-government was attained in January, 1981.
Economy: Fish is the main product of this island. Greenland is the world's only source of natural cryolite, important in making aluminium.