Location: Iceland is an island close to the Arctic Circle in the North Atlantic. The Norwegian Sea is on the eastern side of Iceland. The warm Gulf Stream makes the winters mild.
Island of the Midnight Sun: During the short cool summers, there is perpetual daylight for many weeks, making it an "Island of the Midnight Sun". The island has many geysers and hot springs. Iceland has over 200 volcanoes, many of them still active.
History: The people of Iceland are the descendants of the dare-devil Vikings of Norway. After having been independent till 13th century it became part of Norway, and then passed under Danish rule. In 1941 the Althing (the oldest surviving parliament in the world) voted for complete independence and a republic was formed on June 17, 1944. Iceland's language has maintained its purity for 1000 years.
Major Crops: Much of the land in Iceland lies uncultivated. Potatoes, turnips and hay are the major crops. Fishing industry is highly developed.
Exports: Maine products and aluminium. Iceland taps thermal and hydro power for energy-hungry industries. A $2 billion hydro electric system and aluminium smelter to be built by will double growth from the current unusually low rate of 1.5%.
Mission in India:
Embassy of Iceland
11, Aurangzeb Road,
New Delhi - 110 011, India
Tel: +91 - 0 - 11 - 4353 0300
Fax: +91 - 0 - 11 - 4240 3001
Indian Mission in Iceland:
Honorary Consulate General of India
101, Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: +354 5615000
Fax: +354 5623809