Location: Iran, formerly Persia, lies between Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf and consists of a central plateau surrounded by mountains.
History: A popular revolution of Islamic character swept the long-ruling Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi from power and installed a strict clerical leadership under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, spiritual leader of the Shia Muslim community. An Islamic Republic was proclaimed on April 1, 1979. Iran is a country of great antiquity, celebrated alike for its culture and military valour.
Agriculture: Agriculture employs 30% of the labour force. The chief products are wheat, barley, rice, fruits (largest producer of dates), wool and sugar beets. Iran is one of the biggest oil producing regions in the Middle East. It owns 7.5% of total world oil reserves and 15% of global gas deposits. Emeralds and other gems are found in Khorassan and Kerman. Persian carpets, made on handlooms are famous. Other industries: Textiles, cement, processed foods, steel and copper fabrication.
Mission in India:
Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran
No. 5, Barakhamba Road,
New Delhi - 110 001, India
Tel: +91 - 11 - 23329600-02
Fax: +91 - 11 - 23325493, 23713704 (Armed Forces)
Indian Mission in Iran:
Embassy of India,
46, Mir-Emad, Corner of 9th Street
Dr. Beheshti Avenue, P.O. Box No. 15875-4118
Tel: 00 - 98 - 21 - 87551034, 5
Fax: 00 - 98 - 21 - 8755973, 8745557