Welcome to Ireland - Emerald Isle


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  IRELAND (Eire) - Republic of Ireland                                                                                                         Home

Capital: Dublin
Large Cities: Cork, Limerick, Clare, Donegal
Languages: Irish and English
Religion: Christianity
Currency: Euro




Location: Ireland or Eire, the Emerald Isle, is an island in the N. Atlantic lying west of Great Britain. The independent state of Ireland consists of only 26 counties. The 6 remaining counties from the area known as Northern Ireland which is directly administered by the United Kingdom.

History: Ireland emerges in history with the coming of St. Patrick in A.D. 432 and the spread of Christianity. An invasion led by Norman barons during the 12th century led to a period of almost eight centuries of British rule in Ireland. In 1921 Great Britain recognized Ireland as a more or less independent unit within the Commonwealth and the country became known as Irish Free State. In 1932 the Fianna Fail party under Eamon de Valera came to power and gradually removed the last vestiges of allegiance to the British Crown. In 1937, a new constitution was adopted which made Ireland effectively a republic. In 1949, Ireland formerly declared itself a Republic and ceased to be a member of the Commonwealth. In 1973, the country joined the EEC.

In 1993, the Irish and British governments made a peace plan to resolve the Northern Ireland issue. Much of its was rejected by Sinn, Fein, the political wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), an extremist group working for the unification of Ireland. On August 31, 1994, IRA announced ceasefire and said it would use only political means to achieve unification. When peace talks lagged, it resumed the terror campaign in February 96. In 1997, Sin Fein won a seat in Ireland's parliament for the first time since 1981. On July 20, IRA declared 'unequivocal' ceasefire.

In Feb 1998, following sectarian killings blamed on IRA, Britain wanted the Republicans ejected from the peace talks, but Sinn Fein, fought to stay on. Negotiators in N. Ireland approved a peace settlement on Good Friday, April 10, 1998. The Real IRA split from the IRA because it opposed the Northern Irish peace process.

Chief crops: Ireland had formerly a mainly agricultural economy. Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, vegetables, fruits. In recent decades industrial output has expanded rapidly due to increased foreign investment.

Industry: Food processing, metals, textiles, chemicals, sewing machinery, tourism. Exports make up 50% of GNP, the main items being dairy products, food and beverages, machinery and live animals.

Mission in India:
Embassy of Ireland
230, Jor Bagh,
New Delhi - 110 003, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 24626733, 24626741, 24626743
Fax: 91 - 11 - 24697053
Email: ireland@ndf.vsnl.net.in

Indian Mission in Ireland:
Embassy of India
6, Leeson Park,
Dublin - 6, Ireland
Tel: 00 - 353 - 1 - 4970843, 4966792
Fax: 00 - 353 - 1 - 4978074



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