Location: The Italian Republic occupies the long peninsular area in Europe shaped like a boot extending from the Alps into the Mediterranean Sea. The islands of Sicily (off the toe of the boot), Sardinia, Elba and Capri in the Mediterranean belong to Italy. Mount Etna, an active volcano, rises to 3,274 m. Italy's northern lakes are Garda, Maggiore and Como. The main river is the Po.
History: Italy, once the headquarters of the great Roman Empire, disintegrated into many petty states during the latter Middle Ages. Modern Italy began to develop when King Victor Emmanuel II of Savioa became ruler. On April 28, 1945 Benito Mussolini, the Fascist dictator, was put to death. Consequent on a referendum on June 2, 1946, Italy voted for a Republic. The king laid down his kingship.
Agriculture: Since World War II, Italy has revolutionized agricultural production. The chief crops are grapes, wheat, sugar beet, fruits and vegetables.
Industry: Italy is among the highly industrialized countries of the world, main products being steel, machinery, electrical, mechanical and electronic gadgets, automobiles, chemicals, cement, textiles and shoes. Italy is world's largest jewellery maker. Tourism is an important source of revenue, providing employment and an influx of foreign currency.
Rome celebrated 2761st birthday in May, 2008. The colosseum was reopened for public show in July 2000.
Mission in India:
Embassy of Italy
50-E, Chandragupta Marg
New Delhi - 110 021, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 26114355/ 4359/ 4353
Fax: 91 - 11 - 26873889
Indian Mission in Italy:
Embassy of India
Via XX Settembre
5, 00187, Rome, Italy
Tel: 00 - 39 - 06 - 4884642 to 45
Fax: 00 - 39 - 06 - 4819539