Location: The Republic of Lebanon occupies a strip of land along the Mediterranean coast between Syria and Israel. Lebanon became independent in 1941.
People: According to constitutional conventions, the Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims shared power. However, because of the 16-year-old civil war between the Christians (30%) and Muslims (70%) there has been no stable administration. Terrorist bombings wee common in 1983; so was kidnapping of foreign nationals by Islamic militants in the 1980s.
History: In October 1990, Christian army led by Gen. Michel Aoun was defeated by the Syrian-backed militia supporting president Elias Hrawi, who was installed in power by all Arab consensus. In the civil war, above 125,000 people are feared dead. A Syria-Lebanon treaty of 1991 recognised Lebanon as a separate independent state.
Syria, which has 30,000 troops in Lebanon, dominates this country militarily and politically. Israel troops in southern Lebanon began evacuating outposts there in May, 2000.
Agriculture: Primary an agricultural country, Lebanon produces olive oil, grain and fruits. The chief industries are oil refining, food processing, textiles, chemicals and cement. Tourism used to be a valuable source of income.
Mission in India:
Embassy of Lebanon
26-B, Sardar Patel Marg
Chanakyapuri, New Delhi - 110 021
Tel: 91 - 11 - 26111919, 26111415
Tele Fax: 91 - 11 - 26111818
Indian Mission in Lebanon:
Embassy of India
31, Kantari Street, Sahmarani Building
PO. Box. No 113-5250 (Hamra) and
11-1764, Beirut, Lebanon
Tel: 00 - 961 - 1 - 373539, 372619
Fax: 00 - 961 - 1 - 375538