Location & History: Madagascar, the world's fourth largest island, lies in the Indian Ocean, off the south-east coast of Africa. It was discovered in 1500 by the Portuguese Diego Diaz, became a French colony in 1896, and an Overseas Territory in 1946. In 1958, it was proclaimed the autonomous Malagasy Republic within the French Community, achieving full independence on June 26, 1960.
Economy & Crops: The economy is essentially agricultural. Rice is the staple food and coffee the chief export (45%). Cassava, fruits, tobacco, cloves and vanilla are also cultivated. Large herds of cattle are raised.
Minerals: Mineral deposits include graphite, mica, nickel and copper. World Bank reckons that half the population is malnourished. Industry: Food processing, textiles.
Indian Mission in Madagascar:
Embassy of India
4, Lalana Rajaonson Emile
Tsaralalanaa, Post Box No. 1787
Tel: 00 - 261 - 20 - 2233790, 2262729
Fax: 00 - 261 - 20 - 233790, 222729