Location: Mozambique is the old Portuguese East Africa. Became independent on June 25, 1975, after 470 years of Portuguese colonial rule. Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean bounds it in the east. The majority of the population belongs to the Bantu tribe. The Zambezi is the largest of the 25 rivers that flow into the Indian Ocean.
History: In 1974, Frelimo (Front for the Liberation of Mozambique) took over local administration. The 1980's witnessed severe drought, famine, civil war and heavy loss of life. According to a study by Washington-based Population Crisis Committee, Mozambique was the place with the highest human suffering in 1992.
Agreement was reached in October 92 between government and the rightist Renamo (Mozambican National Resistance Movement) guerrilla group for a ceasefire in their 15-year war, which killed more than 600,000 drove 1 million people into exile and left half the population in need of donated food. The treaty provided for all weapons to be handed over to UN. The UN presence ended in January 95. Elections took place in 1994.
Crops & Economy: The economy is based on agriculture. The major cash crops are cashew nuts, sugar, cotton and sisal. Maize, bananas, rice, groundnuts, vegetables and coconuts are also grown. Considerable mineral resources exist although only coal, diamonds and bauxite are now exploited. Mozambique has two-thirds of the world's known reserves of tantalite and is the second largest producer of beryl.
Industry: Steel, cement, Engineering, textiles and petroleum products.
Mission in India:
High Commission of Mozambique
B-3/24, Vasant Vihar
New Delhi - 110 057, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 26156663/ 4
Fax: 91 - 11 - 26156665
Indian Mission in Mozambique:
High Commission of India
Avineda Kenneth Kaunda No. 167
P.O. Box No. 4751
Tel: 00 - 258 - 1 - 492437, 490717
Fax: 00 - 258 - 1 - 492364