Location: The Federation of Nigeria on the south coast of West Africa is black Africa's most populous nation. It is a country of 250 tribal groups.
History: Nigeria became an independent state in 1960 and a republic within the Commonwealth in October 1963. Nigerians have seen seven coups in 32 years. Military has ruled the country for 30 of its 40 years of independence.
On May 29, 1999 Olusegun Obasanjo, who was elected in February polls, became Nigeria 's third civilian President since independence following Nnamdi Azikiwe and Shehu Shagari, ending 15 years of military rule in the country.
The execution of writer and environmentalist Ken Saro - Wiva and eight associates in November 1995 led to international sanction against Nigeria, including suspension of its Commonwealth membership.
Nigeria has fallen into steep decline. Unemployment has soared. Inflation is high. Purchasing power of most Nigerians has reached subsistence levels.
Agriculture: The chief agricultural products are cocoa, palm oil, palm kernels, grains, fish, cotton, rubber, peanuts and skins. Tin, lead, columbite, coal and iron ore are the chief minerals. Timber, hides and skins, cocoa and palm products are major export items. Crude oil exports have become important since 1970. Oil revenues have made possible a massive economic development programme, but agriculture has lagged.
Industry: Industry is diversified - beer, cement, textiles, cigarettes, assembly of vehicles, soap, canned food and aluminium products being the main items. In the early 80s, with a civilian Govt. in Lagos, Nigeria became a model of African democracy and prosperity. The civilian Govt. was ousted in 1983.
Mission in India:
High Commission of Nigeria
21, Olof Palme Marg, Vasant Vihar
New Delhi - 110 057, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 2614 6221, 2614 6645
Fax: 91 -11 - 2614 6617
Indian Mission in Nigeria:
High Commission of India
8-A, Eleke Crescent, Victoria Island
Tel: 00 - 234 - 1 - 2616604, 2615078, 2615905
Fax: 00 - 234 - 1 - 2612660