Location: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea occupies the northern part of the Korean peninsula.
History: During the Second World War, America occupied South Korea, and Russia North Korea. At the Postsdam Conference, the 38th parallel of latitude was recognized as the line of division between the occupation areas of Russia and America. South Koreans formed the Republic of Korea in May, 1948. North Korea was formed into the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on September 9, 1948. North Korean army attacked S. Korea in June 1950, initiating the Korean War. US and other western nations, with UN backing, supported the south. China sent an army across the border. The war ended in an armistice (July 1953) leaving Korea divided by a 'no-man's land' along the 38th parallel. Kim II Sung, who ruled Korea since 1948 died in July 1994.
Agriculture & Industry: All industries are natinalised. Agriculture is conllectivised. Chief crops: Rice, maize, potatoes. Industrial development has concentrated on heavy industry, electricity, metallurgy, machinery and chemicals. The country is rich in coal and iron and many non-ferrous metals and hydro-electric power. It is one of the five leading countries of the world in the production of tungsten, graphite and magnetite.
Several proposals for talks between North and South Korea on reunifiation have been made since 1980, but have repatedly broken down.
The two Koreas agreed in 2000 to reconnect a rail link and to reopen border liaison offices. An accord was singed to reunite relatives separated by the division of the peninsula.
Mission in India
Embassy of Korea (Democratic People's Republic)
D-14, Maharani Bagh, New Delhi - 110 065, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 26829644
Tele Fax: 91 - 11 - 26829645.
Indian Mission in Korea:
Embassy of India
6, Munsudong, Taehek Street
Pyong-yang, DPR Korea
Tel: 00 - 850 - 2 - 3817274, 3817215
Fax: 00 - 850 - 2 - 3817619