Location: An archipelago of about 7100 islands, the Republic of the Philippines lies in the western Pacific Ocean, over 800 km off the southeast coast of Asia. Just 11 islands constitute 94 percent of the total land area. The principal islands are Luzon in the north and Mindanao in the south.
History: The Philippine islands, discovered by Magellan in 1521, were conquered by Spain in 1565. The islands, named for King Philip II of Spain, were ceded to USA in 1898. Became completely independent in 1946.
Ferdinand Marcos was President from 1965 to '86. Corzon Aquino succeeded him. The US vacated the Subic Bay Naval Station at the end of the year. Government and Moslem separatist negotiators signed an agreement on August 30, 1996 to end 24 years of bloody conflict in the south of the country, which had claimed 125,000 lives. A plebiscite is to be held in 14 provinces on Mindanao Island.
Agriculture: Main agricultural crops are rice, maize, sugar, tobacco, coconut, pineapple and bananas. Manufacturing is a major source of economic development. Industries include textiles, rubber products, oil refinery, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, electronics assembly, furniture, cigarettes, paper, metal, glassware and food products. The Philippines is rich in natural resources and has iron, silver, gold, chromite, manganese and copper deposits in commercial quantity. It has also marble quarries, forests and extensive fishing grounds.
Mission in India:
Embassy of the Philippines
50-N, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri
New Delhi - 110 021, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 2410 1120, 2688 9091
Fax: 91 - 11 - 2687 6401
Indian Mission in The Philippines:
Embassy of India
2190, Paraiso Street, Dasmarinas Village
Makati, Metro, Manila, Philippines.
Tel: 00 - 63 - 2 - 8430101/ 02
Fax: 00 - 63 - 2 - 8158151