Location: Russia, the largest country in the world area, stretches across the continents of Asia and Europe. It extends for over 9600 km from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean and 4800 km from north to south.
History: Russia, an independent country since December 1991, is 75% of the total area of the former Soviet Union and has 50% of its total population. About 70% of USSR's total industrial and agricultural output came from Russia. Russia has now taken the place of the former Soviet Union in international fora. Russia adopted the name "Russian Federation".
On December 8, 1991, Russia, Belarus and Ukraine concluded an agreement established a Commonwealth of Independence States (CIS) with its headquarters in Minsk. The member states are the three founders and nine subsequent adherents: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldavia and Central Asian republics, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan and Georgia.
The Russian Federation consists of 21 Republics, 6 Territories, 49 Provinces, 10 Autonomous Areas, 2 Cities of Federal status (Moscow & St. Petersburg) and the Jewish Autonomous Region (Birobijan). In 1993, a drive to privatize thousands of large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises was launched. President Yeltsin narrowly survived an impeachment vote by the Congress of Deputies in March. In October, Yeltsin ordered the army to attack the seize the parliament building, where anti-Yeltsin legislators are barricaded themselves. About 140 people were killed in the fighting. In February 94, parliament amnestied those arrested after the occupation of the parliament building.
In 1994, Russia joined NATO's partnership for peace plan of military cooperation with former communist states. In May, 1996, presidents of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyztan signed a treaty to boost closer links among them.
Chechen separatists have been a major problem since the winter of 1994-95 when Russian troops were sent into crush Chechnya's secessionist leadership. In August, 1996, the war ended with an agreement between the government and the separatists to defer the decision on whether Chechnya should be independent until December 31, 2001. Fighting resumed and Russia suffered heavy losses.
In April 1997, the presidents of Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyztan, Tajikistan and China singed a demilitarization accord providing for considerable troop reductions along their 7000 km common border. In August 1997, Russia announced the dismantling of all rocket missiles targeted on western strategic centers. Russia's army was to shrink from 1.8m to 1.2m. Russia attended G-8 summit as a full-fledged member.
Chief Crops: Grain, cotton, potatoes, sugar beets, sunflower, vegetables.
Natural Resources: Iron ore, oil, gold, platinum, copper, zinc, lead and tin. Russia also has the world's largest reserves of timber.
Industry: Russia's gold industry is world's second largest. Steel mills, huge dams, oil and gas industries and electric rail roads have transformed parts of Siberia. The Russian fishing fleet, operating from the Arctic waters to the Pacific, is one of the biggest in the world.
Mission in India:
Embassy of the Russian Federation
New Delhi - 110 021, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 2687 3800, 2687 3802
Fax: 91 - 11 - 2687 6823
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (Embassy); email@example.com (Consular Dept)
Indian Mission in Russia:
Embassy of India
6-8, Ulitsa Vorontsovo Polye (Obukha)
Tel: 00 - 7 - 095 - 9171841
Fax: 00 - 7 - 095 - 9752337