Location: A republic of south Eastern Europe and Asia Minor, Turkey occupies a strategic position, linking as it does Asia and Europe at the Straits of Bosporus, between the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
History: Asiatic Turkey, that is, Anatolia, was the seat of one of the earliest civilization known. Istanbul, the largest city, was first known as Byzantium and then as Constantinople. The Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453 and founded a Turkish Empire. In 1923, Turkey became a republic.
Religious and ethnic tensions and active left and right extremists have caused endemic violence. Some 12m Kurds live in Turkey. Kurdish militants demand an independent state for the Kurds. Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) leader Abdullah Ocalan was arrested in Kenya in February 1999, and taken to turkey. In September PKK said it would lay down arms once and for all.
Government: In July 1996, in a break with Turkey's 73-year record of zealous secularism. Turkish parliament gave approval to a coalition government led by the Islamic Party. In June 1997, conservative Mesut Yilmaz took over as PM. In 98, the Islamist party was banned. Welfare party, the largest political party, was officially disbanded for being anti-secular.
A rail link completing the new "silk route" between China and Turkey through Central Asia started operation in May 96.
In July 97, Turkey announced plans to gradually integrate northern Cyprus into Turkey, to match any moves by the Greek-Cypriot part of the divided island to join EU. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is only recognized by Ankara. In December 97, EU rejected Turkey's candidacy.
On August 17, 1999 a devastating earthquake hit Turkey killing at least 12,000 people. 60,000 people were made homeless.
Agriculture: Agriculture maintains about 64% percent of the population. The chief products are tobacco, wheat, cotton, olive oil and sugar. Turkey is the world's second largest producer of sultana raisins. Sheep and cattle abound in the plateau of Anatolia and provide mohair for which Turkey is famous.
Minerals: The main minerals are iron ore, copper chromium, bauxite and coal.
Industry: Iron, steel, machinery, petroleum, metal products, cars, processed foods.
The Turkish Culture and Tourism Office
50-N, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri
New Delhi - 110 021, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 24102237/38
Fax: 91 - 11 - 24102240
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com
Website : www.goturkey.com
Indian Mission in Turkey:
Embassy of India
77-A, Cinnah Caddesi, Cankaya
06680 Ankara, Turkey
Tel: 00 - 90 - 312 - 4382195
Fax: 00 - 90 - 312 - 4403429