Location and Structure: The United Kingdom (UK) constitutes the greater part of the British Isles. Great Britain is the largest of the islands forming the United Kingdom. It comprises England, Scotland and Wales. The next largest is Ireland, comprising Northern Ireland, which is part of the UK and the Irish Republic. Western Scotland is fringed by the large island chains known the inner and Outer Hebrides, and to the north of the Scottish mainland are the Orkney and Shetland islands. All these, along with Scilly, have administrative ties with the Mainland, but the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea and the Channel Islands between Great Britain and France are largely self-governing, and are not part of the UK. The UK is one of the 15 member states of the European Union (EU).
Government: The United Kingdom's system of government is known as constitutional monarchy, though its constitution is not contained in any one document; instead it has evolved over many years. Ministers of the Crown govern in the name of the Sovereign, who is both head of state and head of the government. Actual power is vested in parliament, which is the supreme legislative body in Great Britain. The parliament consists of two houses-the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Industry: Britain is one of the world's leading industrial and exporting countries. Chief industries are iron and steel, engineering, chemicals, electronics, motor vehicles, metals, machinery, ship building, aircraft, textiles, cloth, other consumer goods and banking. Metals and metal using industries contribute more than 50% of the exports. Britain's coal mines yield about 128 million tons annually.
Agriculture: Although Britain's agriculture and trawler - fishing are highly mechanized, half of the country's food supplies and most of its raw materials are imported. Chief crops: Grains, sugar, fruits, and vegetables.
Thames and Severn Rivers: Severn and Thames are the largest rivers. The most famous church is Westminster Abbey. The most celebrated universities are Oxford and Cambridge. There are about 40 other universities.
England: Population: 49m. A large overseas empire was established. United with Wales (1536), with Scotland (1707) and with Ireland (1801; partition in 1921) to form United Kingdom.
Wales: The principality of Wales in Western Britain has a population of 2,899,000. Cardiff is the capital. English and Welsh are spoken.
Scotland: Scotland occupies the northern 37% of the main British Island, and the Hebrides, Orkney, Shetland and smaller islands. Population: 5,111,000. Edinburgh is the capital.
Ireland: Northern Ireland is situated in the northern-east of Ireland and forms part of the United Kingdom. It comprises six Ulster counties of Antrim, Down, Armagh, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone. The rest of the island forms the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland has been rocked by bloody agitation for union with Catholic Irish Republic. 1985 saw an Anglo-Irish agreement, which for the first time gave Dublin a say in the running of the province. Population: 1,610,000 and Capital: Belfast.
Agriculture: Agriculture is the main occupation in Northern Ireland. Cattle, sheep, hogs, eggs, poultry, potatoes and milk are the important products. Linen, ropes, twines, rayon, clothing, tobacco, aircraft and shipping form the main branches of industry.
Mission in India:
High Commission for Britain
New Delhi - 110 021, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 2419 2100, 26872161
Fax: 91 - 11 - 2687 0060 (Visa)
Indian Mission in United Kingdom:
High Commission of India
India House, Aldwych,
London WC2B 4NA, United Kingdom
Tel: 00 - 44 - 0207 - 8368484, 3796242 (After Office)
Fax: 00 - 44 - 0207 - 8364331
Britain's Dependent Territories:
Anguilla, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Ducie, Henderson and Oeno, St. Helena and St. Helena Dependencies (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands. Isle of Man and the Channel Islands are direct dependencies of the Crown with their own legislative and taxation systems.
Isle of Man: It is in the Irish Sea. Capital: Douglas.
The Channel Islands: Off the North-West coast of France are Jersey, Guernsey and the dependencies of Guernsey.
Anguilla: Formerly part of St. Kitts-Nevis Anguilla, it became de facto a separate dependency of Britain in 1969, new constitution in 1982. Capital: The Valley.
Bermuda: Bermuda is a group of some 300 small coral islands in the Western North-Atlantic. In a referendum in August 95 Bermudans rejected independence. The chief crops are vegetable, flowers (Easter lilies specially), bananas and citrus fruits. Tourism is the main source of income. Capital: Hamilton.
Montserrat: Capital - Plymouth; language: English and Patois; Religion: Christianity; Currency - Eastern Caribbean Dollar. From 1871 to 1956, it formed part of the federal colony of the Leeward Islands. The island, a British Associate State with full internal autonomy, adopted a constitution in 1960.
Top Museums - Cartoon Museum , Firepower Royal Artillery Museum, Florence Nightingale Museum, Guards Museum , Handel House Museum, Household Cavalry Museum, London Canal Museum, Twickenham World Rugby Museum & Stadium Tours, Pollock’s Toy Museum, Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum
- For Dettails visit - UK Tourist Attractions
Other Places : Darwin Centre